Department of Nephrology

Department of Nephrology manages the kidney's functionality and kidney-related diseases. Nephrologists treat dialysis, Chronic kidney diseases, and Cancer-related kidney diseases. Etc. Other aspects of Nephrology are electrolyte disturbances (disturbances of sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium etc.) evaluation of the cause of hypertension, and the care of those requiring renal replacement therapy ( haemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis) and renal transplant (live-related and cadaveric) patients.

Dialysis replaces the primary (excretory) function of the kidney, which separates (and removes) excess toxins and water from the blood, placing them in the urine. Many diseases affecting the kidney are systemic disorders not limited to the organ itself and may require special treatment.

Patients are referred to nephrology specialists after a urinalysis, for various reasons, such as acute kidney failure, chronic kidney disease, hematuria, proteinuria, kidney stones, hypertension, and disorders of acid/base or electrolytes.

Symptoms and signs of kidney diseases:
  • Leg swelling
  • Frothy urine (protein in urine)
  • Low hemoglobin in blood
  • Red coloured urine
  • Loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting
  • Itching
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Rashes
  • Low urine output
  • Breathing difficulty
  • High blood pressure or uncontrolled blood pressure
  • High blood Urea and serum Creatinine


All types of renal diseases like acute kidney injury(AKI) ,chronic kidney diseases(CKD), Glomerulonephritis, diabetic kidney disease, non-diabetic kidney disease, Pediatric kidney diseases ,renal diseases in Pregnancy and Geriatric kidney diseases are managed here.

Following services are available in our department of Nephrology.
  • Hemodialysis- all types like SLED, SCUF etc
  • Peritoneal dialysis-acute PD, CAPD
  • Plasmapheresis
  • Renal biopsy
  • Internal jugular vein catheterization
  • Perm catheterization
  • AVF creation
  • Renal transplantation
  • Management of Renal Failure
  • Management of Kidney Infections
  • Hemodialysis
  • Peritoneal Dialysis
    • Acute Peritoneal dialysis
    • CAPD (Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis)
  • CRRT-Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy
  • Plasmapheresis
  • Hemoperfusion
  • Management of Glomerular disorders
  • Management of Hypertensive & Diabetic Kidney Diseases
  • Management of Fluid & Electronic Imbalances
  • Management of poisonings, Snake bites
  • Renal Transplantation